top of page
References and Sources for More Information
Sand Wars in Cranberry Country
Community Land & Water Coalition, October 2023

**Denotes PDF version available on website


**A.D. Makepeace, October 2018, Large Ground-Mounted Solar Array: Phase II, 160 Tihonet Road Wareham PV + ES Project, Wareham, Massachusetts, B+T Project No. 1833.95, prepared by Beals and Thomas, Inc., Plymouth, Massachusetts (Solar Plans, 2018)


**A.D. Makepeace Co., April 14, 2023, Re: Notice Pursuant to G.L. c.214 § 7A (Makepeace, April 2023)


**ADM Development Services LLC, 2016. Environmental Notification Form, ADM Tihonet Mixed Use Development Project, Phase C6 Federal Road West (aka Golden Field) Solar, and Master Eastern Box Turtle Conservation and Management Permit, (Carver and Wareham).


**“Annasnapett Pond Site.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Wikimedia Foundation, accessed October 2023, 


Auch, Ted, 2016. “7 Sand Mining Communities, 3 States, 5 Months - Part 2.” FrackTracker Alliance. March 25, 2016. 

(Auch, 2016) 


BioMap: The Future of Conservation in Massachusetts, Edition 3, MassWildlife’s Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program, Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, accessed May 8, 2023 (BioMap 3)


**Booth, Mary S, (2021). Expanded Environmental Notification Form, March 15, 2021 and May 11, 2021 Supplement, ADM TMUD Wareham Solar Projects, EEA No. 13940-ADM Tihonet Mixed Use Development, Wareham, Plymouth, Carver, Massachusetts, Partnership for Policy Integrity, Pelham, Massachusetts (Booth, 2021)


Buchholz, Katharina, 2020. “Demand for Sand.” Statista. December 4, 2020. (Buchholz, 2020) 


**Cape Cod Cranberry Growers’ Association, 2001. ”Cranberry Water Use: An Information Fact Sheet,”  


**Cape Cod Times, June 23, 2023, Cape Cod Cranberry Growers Look Past Older Plant Varieties with Plans for Growth

Center for Disease Control and Prevention, “Silica Dust,” Reviewed May 4, 2023, Accessed June 16, 2023, (CDC 2023)

**Clark, Emily, 2015, July 4. “Plymouth is sand and gravel removal capital of the South Shore?” Old Colony Memorial, Online Edition (Accessed: 3 May 2023) (Clark, 2015)


**Commonwealth of Massachusetts, January 27, 2017, Certificate of the Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs on the Environmental Notification Form, ADM Tihonet Mixed Use Development Phase C6: Federal Road West Solar and Master Eastern Box Turtle Conservation and Management Plan, Carver, Plymouth and Wareham, Buzzards Bay, EEA Number 13940,  Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, Boston, MA


Community Land and Water Coalition, editor. April 2021. Indigenous perspectives, youth voices and activism (webinar) (CLWC 2021)


Community Land and Water Coalition, editor. “Since Time Immemorial - Indigenous Voices Speak About Sand Mining and Solar.” YouTube Video, 4:40. May 2023. (CLWC, 2023) 


**Dawson, Alexendra D., Esq. Earth Removal and Environmental Protection, Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review, Vol. 3, Issue 1(1974) 


**Deetz, Hartman, Sand and Gravel Mining, Real Estate, and “Green Energy” Threaten the Pine Barrens of Southeastern Massachusetts, Cultural Survival, June 25, 2023


Forbes. “How Sand Mining is Quietly Creating a Global Environmental Crisis.” YouTube Video, 15:26. November 29, 2021. (Forbes, 2021)


**Fuss & O’Neill, August, 2007. Plymouth Carver Sole Source Aquifer Action Plan, FINAL REPORT, Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, Boston, Massachusetts (Fuss & O’Neill, 2007) 


**Hansen, B.P. and Lapham, W.W., 1992. Geohydrology and Simulated Ground-Water Flow, WRIR 90-4202, Plymouth-Carver Aquifer, Southeastern Massachusetts, United States Geological Survey (USGS), Water Resources Division, Marlborough, MA


**Horsley, Scott W., September, 2022. Affidavit of Scott Horsley, regarding A.D. Makepeace mining sites, Carver MA, Plymouth County Superior Court, Civil Action No. 2283-CV-00585, (Horsley, September 2022)


**Horsley, Scott W., February, 2022. Report on hydrology impacts of mining operation at 0 Spring Street, Carver MA (Horsley, February 2022)


**Indianhead Realty v. Town of Plymouth Zoning Board of Appeals, Land Court Case, Intervenors’ Post-Trial Brief (Indianhead Realty, 2018)


**James, Gary, P.E. Affidavit of Gary James, regarding mining site Off Meadow Street, Carver MA, Plymouth County Superior Court, Civil Action No. 2283-CV-00304, (James, 2023) 


**Kane, James, Affidavit of James Kane, President and CEO of A.D. Makepeace Co., Plymouth County Superior Court, Civil Action No. 2283-CV-00585


Luxury Drop. “Illegal Sand Mining and the Mafias that Control It.” YouTube Video, 10:42. April 20, 2022. (Luxury Drop, 2022)


**MassDEP, May 2003. Massachusetts Erosion and Sediment Control Guidelines for Urban and Suburban Areas, Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Resource Protection, Boston, Massachusetts (MassDEP 2003)


MassDEP, October 2016. Draft West and East Monponsett Pond System Total Maximum Daily Loads for Total Phosphorus, Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Watershed Management, Worcester, Massachusetts (MassDEP, 2016)\


**MassDEP, July 2022. Re: CARVER - Wetlands, Superseding Determination of Applicability, 0 Meadow Street, Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Southeast Regional Office, Lakeville, Massachusetts (MassDEP, 2022)


**Masterson, J.P., Carlson, C.S., and Walter, D.A., 2009, Hydrogeology and simulation of groundwater flow in the Plymouth-Carver-Kingston-Duxbury aquifer system, southeastern Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009–5063, 110 p


**Newcomb, Tim, May 2, 2022. “Earth Is Running Out of Sand … Which Is, You Know, Pretty Concerning,” Popular Mechanics, (Understanding the Sand Shortage, 2022) 


O.H. Bailey & Co., Plymouth, Mass., 1882. Map, 1 view; 41 x 67 cm., on sheet 60 x 76 cm. Library of Congress, Washington D.C. Available at,-0.063,1.573,0.869,0 (O.H. Bailey & Co., 1882)


Ricci, E.H., J. Collins, J. Clarke, P. Dolci, and L. de la Parra. 2020. Losing Ground: Nature’s Value in a Changing Climate. Massachusetts Audubon Society, Inc., Lincoln, Massachusetts, 33 pp.   (Ricci et al., 2020)


**Teitelbaum, Peter W., Esq., Chairman, Wareham Board of Selectmen, March 9, 2021, Letter to Ms. Sheehan, Board of Selectmen, Town of Wareham, Massachusetts


**Ten Residents Group, March 17, 2023, Notice Pursuant to G.L. c. 214, sec. 7A of Violation of Law to Prevent Damage to the Environment and Intent to File Suite, addressed to Board of Selectmen, Town of Wareham, Massachusetts, Building Commissioner, Town of Wareham, Massachusetts, Attorney General, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and A.D. Makepeace Company, Wareham, Massachusetts, prepared by Save the Pine Barrens, Inc., Plymouth, Massachusetts, (Ten Residents, 2023)


**Town of Carver, October, 2021, Earth Removal Permit, Cedar Meadow Cranberry, prepared by Earth Removal Committee, Town of Carver


**Town of Plymouth, Undated, Earth Removal Permit List, prepared by Town of Plymouth, Massachusetts


UNEP 2022. Sand and sustainability: 10 strategic recommendations to avert a crisis. GRID-Geneva, United Nations Environment Programme, Geneva, Switzerland (UNEP 2022)


United Nations Environment Programme, March 2014. Sand, Rarer than One Thinks: UNEP Global Environmental Alert Service (GEAS). Available at: (Accessed: 3 May 2023) (UNEP 2014)


**United States Environmental Protection Agency, August, 1990. 55 FR 32137-01, 1990 WL 329590 (F.R.): Sole Source Aquifer Designation for the Plymouth-Carver Aquifer, Massachusetts (55 FR 32137)


Van Fleet, Tyler, Catanzaro, Paul, and Kittredge, David. Chapter 61 Programs. University of Massachusetts Extension and Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. Available at (Van Fleet et al.)


For more information:


NYSDEC, June 2022. Groundwater Study at Long Island Mines Work Plan York Department of Environmental Conservation, New York Department of Environmental Conservation. 

Sand Stories: Investigating sustainable solutions to sand mining


PBS Film: Sand Wars 

bottom of page